Shankkar Aiyar discusses the failures of past reforms to streamline the Indian state.
"In 2021, India’s administrative architecture continues to bear the burden of the 1950s design which was chosen to execute the Harrod-Domar model of state-led economic development. The central government has over 50 ministers and departments, besides over 500 autonomous bodies. Indeed, the largest ministries and allocations are those dealing with subjects under states.
Between 2001 and 2011, the wage bill of the central government went up from Rs 31,950 crore to Rs 92,785 crore for about 34 lakh employees. In 2021-22, the wage bill for 35 lakh persons stands at Rs 2.54 lakh crore. The weight of the costs is exacerbated by the cost of the inertia which arrives with size."
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