In this Moneycontrol article, Associates Sharmadha Srinivasan and Prakhar Misra discuss the potential implications of Indonesian decision to move its capital from Jakarta for India and other countries.
"The Indonesian planning minister announced that the country is looking to move its capital from Jakarta to an undecided city with Palangkaraya being a prime contender. The main reasons cited for this move are the infrastructure woes of Jakarta—like congested streets and inadequate sewerage networks—and the threat of rising sea levels due to climate change. Indonesian policymakers will have to answer a barrage of questions on the purpose and functions of the new city in order for this move to be a success. This process and its implications will also serve as a precedent for other countries, India included."
They suggest what are the potential policy lessons that can be learnt from this shift.
"Indian policymakers should look to Jakarta for a preview of what happens in the absence of long-term sustainable solutions—a hunt for band-aid style quick fixes once the point of no return has been reached. One way to do this, as some suggest, is a fundamental shift in the way we think of urban planning—shifting from treating ‘planning’ literally to using it more as a ‘reference point’, keeping the plans flexible and adaptable. Whether this approach will actually make a difference to the future of India’s cities still remain to be seen."
Read the full article here.