Pavan Ankinapalli, Associate Fellow at IDFC Institute, has co-authored two chapters, ‘Leaving Poor to their Own Devices: The Case of Amraiwadi, Ahmedabad’ with Darshini Mahadevia and Pooja Shah; and ‘Tenure Security through External Agency Intervention: The Case of Vasna, Ahmedabad’ with Darshini Mahadevia, Pooja Shah, and Rutool Sharma, in the new book ‘Shelter security in urban India: pathways, barriers and outcomes’ published by Concept Publications and edited by Darshini Mahadevia.
Summary of the Chapters:
Lack of secure tenure is a major problem for many poor people living in Indian cities. It exposes poor people to the risk of forced eviction – often with devastating consequences for living conditions and livelihoods. Urban local bodies, often, fail to provide basic services such as water and electricity to slum dwellers. The chapters examine the impact of tenure security in two different locations in Ahmedabad, Gujarat on factors such as people’s living conditions, work participation rates, per capita incomes and access to entitlements such as ration cards. The chapters argue that perceived tenure is crucial where property rights are not extended to residents of slums. They analyse various factors influencing levels of perceived security of tenure including whether land is publicly or privately owned; the absence of evictions (expressed as years of stay); the involvement of an external agency; administrative tools such as property tax bills; and entitlements such as election cards, ration cards.
In Vasna, the most important factor improving perceived security of tenure and having a positive impact on people’s quality of life is NGO intervention in slum development. Other important factors include duration of stay, living on privately owned land, payment of property tax and possession of informal housing documentation. In Amraiwadi, land ownership has the strongest influence, with residents on public lands more vulnerable to eviction than residents on private lands.
The Book is available through Concept Publications and Abebooks